River basin management has mostly concerned management of water resources, with relatively little attention paid to the sediment continuity essential to maintain downstream channel functions and coastal features. The sediment loads of most major rivers have decreased in recent decades – as a result of extensive trapping of sediment by dams, increasingly manifest in accelerated coastal erosion and loss of delta lands.
This conference examined three large rivers in southern Europe: the Rhône, Ebro, and Po. All have headwaters in high mountain ranges and traverse Mediterranean-climate dominated basins. All three have experienced afforestation of their mountainous headwaters since the 19th century, which has reduced erosion rates and sediment supply to the river system. All three have been extensively modified and impounded for irrigation water supply, hydroelectric production, flood control, and navigation, mined for production of construction aggregate, and otherwise altered for human uses, and all three evince erosion and subsidence of sediment-deprived deltas.
For each river, speakers reported on sediment discontinuity and sediment management from both geomorphic and environmental history perspectives (see programme below). One intervention, a social science perspective on sediment in the Rhône, was in the form of a half-hour video, which is available as indicated below. In discussion, speakers and participants from the audience drew comparisons among the three river basins, noting similarities and differences. There was broad agreement among participants that the topic as framed by the conference merits further exploration.
The conference was hosted by the Collegium – Lyon Institute of Advanced Studies and the CNRS Laboratory UMR 5600 Environnement Ville Société, and co-sponsored by the Agence Francaise de la Biodiversité, Eléctricité de France, and Companie Nationale du Rhône, in collaboration GRAIE and the Agence de l’Eau Rhône-Méditerranée-Corse. The conference was coordinated with a broader research effort initiated by Professor G Mathias Kondolf (UC Berkeley) and Asst Professor Giacomo Parrinello (Sciences Po), The Social Life of the Sediment Balance: A Social and Geomorphic Approach to the Transformation of River Systems and Deltas, supported by the France-Berkeley Fund and a UC Berkeley Social Science Matrix-Sciences Po collaboration grant. A follow-up workshop looking at the issues of sediment management at a river basin scale more broadly is planned for May 2019.
Dams, Sediment Discontinuity, and Management Responses in Mediterranean River Basins
Friday 05 October 2018 (0900-1800), Amphitheatre Descartes, ENS Lyon
in English and French with simultaneous translation
9h Welcome, conference overview Hervé Joly, Matt Kondolf
The Rhône (moderator: Michal Tal)
9h15 Physical processes governing sediment (dis)continuity in the Rhône Hervé Piégay
10h Pause café
10h30 The social life of solid load in the Rhône River : friends and enemies of sediments
Gabrielle Bouleau, Carole Barthélémy, Emeline Comby, Joanna Guerrin (video)
11h Panel & discussion : Innovations in managing sediment in the Rhône River Basin
Jean-Réné Malavoi, Frédéric Laval, Daniel Vazquez-Tarrio, Sylvain Reynaud, Benoit Terrier, Emeline Comby
12h Lunch break
The Ebro & Po (moderator: Simone Bizzi)
13h15 Environmental history and sediment (dis)continuity in the Ebro
Ramon J. Batalla, Damia Vericat
14h15 Physical/ecological processes and sediment (dis)continuity in the Po
Simone Bizzi, Nicola Surian
15h Pause Café
15h30 Environmental history and sediment (dis)continuity in the Po
16h15 Panel & discussion: Managing sediment across river basins: Mediterranean, beyond
Flore Lafaye de Micheaux, Ramon Batalla, Herve Piégay, Nicola Surian
17h15 Summary of key conference themes Matt Kondolf, Giacomo Parrinello
Thanks to the Collegium – Institut d’Etudes Avancées de Lyon, le laboratoire Environnement Ville Société UMR 5600 du CNRS, l’Agence Française de la Biodiversité, Electricité de France, and la Compagnie Nationale du Rhône.